Egyptian art abstract

Egyptian art abstract

No king, and no people would have taken such burdens, taken so much effort, for the creation of a mere monument. In fact, we know that the pyramids had their practical meaning in the eyes of the kings and their subjects. The king was considered a divine being, rule over them, and upon his departure from this earth he would ascend again to the gods from where he had come. The pyramids soaring in the sky probably help him make his ascent. In any case, they would save his sacred body from decay.

For the Egyptians believed that the body must be preserved if the soul were to live in the hereafter. That is why they decayed the body through an elaborate method of embalming, and tie You prevented it with strips of fabric. It was for the king’s mummy that the pyramid was piled up, and his body was placed in the center of the huge mountain of stone in a stone coffin. All around the burial chamber, spells and incantations were written to help him on his journey to the other world.

"But it’s not just these oldest relics of human architecture that tell the role of age-old beliefs played in the history of art. The Egyptians held the belief that preserving the body was not enough. If the image of the king was also preserved, it is doubly certain that he would continue to exist forever. So sculptor the head of the king chisel made of hard, imperishable granite, and place it in the grave where no one saw it ordered to work its spell and to help his soul to come alive in and through the picture. An Egyptian word for sculptor was actually "He-who-fortresses-alive".

"At first these rites were reserved for kings, but soon the nobles of the royal household had their small tombs grouped in orderly rows around the king’s hill, and gradually every self-respecting person had to take care of his after-life by making an expensive grave , his mom and his likeness, and where his soul could live and receive the range of food and drink that would be given to the dead. Some of these early portraits from the Pyramid of Age, the fourth dynasty of the Old Kingdom, are among the finest works of Egyptian art. It is a solemnity and simplicity about it that is not easy to forget. One can see that the sculptor was not tempted to flatter his sitter, or to preserve a fleeting expression. He was concerned only with the essentials. He omitted every minor detail.

Perhaps it is precisely because of this strict focus on the basic forms of the human head that these portraits remain so impressive. Because despite their almost geometric rigidity, they are not primitive like the native masks [discussed earlier] are. They are also as lifelike as the naturalistic portraits of the artists Nigeria. The observation of nature, and the regularity of the whole, are so evenly distributed that they impress us as lifelike, yet out of the way and persistent.

"This combination of geometric regularity and keen observation of nature is characteristic of all Egyptian art. We can study it best in the reliefs and paintings that adorned the walls of the graves. The word ‘adorned’, it is true, can hardly fit an art that is meant to be seen by no one but the dead soul. In fact, these were works not intended to be enjoyed. They too were ‘keep alive’. Once, in a grim distant past, it had been custom when a powerful man died, his servants and slaves escort him to the grave. They were sacrificed so that he could travel to the afterlife with a suitable train. Later, these horrors were considered either too cruel or too expensive, and technology came to the rescue.

Instead of real servants, the great ones of this earth pictures were given as replacements. The images and models found in Egyptian tombs were designed with the idea of ​​helping the soul in the other world, a belief that is common in many early cultures. Around us these reliefs and murals present an extraordinarily vivid picture of life as it was lived in Egypt for thousands of years. And yet, look at it for the first time, you can find it rather confusing. The reason for this is that the Egyptian painter had a completely different way of representing real life from ours. Perhaps this was with the other purpose of serving her paintings. What mattered was most not prettiness but completeness. It was the artist’s job to keep everything as clear and permanent as possible. So they don’t sketch in nature as it appeared to them from any random angle.

They pulled from memory, according to strict rules, that everything that would have to go in the picture are guaranteed to be in perfect clarity . "A similar method is often used by children. But the Egyptians were more consistent in applying these methods than children ever. Everything had to be represented from its characteristic angle. The effect that this idea had on the representation of the human body. The head was easiest to see in profile, so she pulled it sideways. But when we think of the human eye, we think of it as seen from the front.

Accordingly, a full-face eye was planted in the side view of the face. The top half of the body shoulders and chest, best seen from the front, because then you can see how the arms are articulated around the body. But arms and legs in motion are much more clearly seen sideways. That is why Egyptians look so strange in these pictures. distorted. In addition, the Egyptian artists found it difficult to visualize either on foot or from the outside.

She prefers the clear structure from the big toe upwards. So both feet are seen from the inside, and the man on [a] discharge looks like he had two left feet. One cannot assume that the Egyptian artists thought that people were seen in this way. They just followed a rule that they can count everything in human form that they deem important.

Perhaps this is strict adherence to the rule of doing something with its magical purpose. Because how could a man bring ‘shortened’ or ‘cut off’ with his arm or receive the required gifts to the dead? "It is one of the greatest things in Egyptian art that all statues, paintings and architectural forms add as if they obeyed a law. We call such a law, which seems to obey all the creations of a people "style". It is very difficult in words to explain what a style is, but it is far less difficult to see. The rules that govern all Egyptian art give each individual work the effect of posture and strict harmony.

"The Egyptian style includes a number of very strict laws that every artist had to learn from his earliest youth seated statues had to have their hands on their knees;. Men had to be painted with dark skin like women, the appearance of every Egyptian god was strictly defined: Horus, the skygod, had to be shown like a falcon or with a falcon’s head; Anubis, the god of funeral rites, like a jackal or a jackal head.

Every artist also had to learn the art of beautiful writing. He had the images and symbols of the hieroglyphs clearly and precisely cut in stone. But once he had mastered all these rules that he had finished his education. Nobody wanted anything else, nobody asked him to be "original". On the contrary, he was probably considered the best artist who could make his statues most like the most admired monuments of the past. So it happened that over the course of 3000 years or more, Egyptian art changed very little.

"Everything that was considered good and beautiful in the age of the pyramids was considered to be just as excellent a thousand years later. True, new fashions appeared, new themes were asked of the artists, but their way of portraying people and nature remained essentially the same. "


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