There are a number of different preschool curricula, all of which must be tailored to the style and personality of a single teacher. While some preschool teachers are expected to follow the curriculum developed by another curriculum, others have the option to create their own curriculum. If you create your own curriculum, you can adapt the learning to your teaching style and the needs of the current class. After meeting other teachers, learning the standards, and creating recreational activities, it takes time, but you need to create a good curriculum.
There are not only curricula from companies that specialize in curriculum development, but also many schools whose curricula are available online. Do a quick online search to get your hands on different preschool curricula. This gives you a feel for the content and structure that are normally used.
Examine specific teaching methods. Montessori, Waldorf, Reggio Emilia and High / Scope are useful places to start your research. These frameworks provide details on early childhood experiences, teaching methods and curriculum design.
If you are not working in a new school, your supervisor should have access to curricula or textbooks from previous years. Even if your job is to change the existing curriculum, tell your manager that you want to use the old structure as a model.
You can also ask your supervisor to pair you with a teacher who works with the same age group or an experienced teacher who looks after you.
Talk to other teachers in your school or other preschool teachers on your network. Ask them if they would be willing to share their curriculum with you. Most teachers are generous in sharing materials and strategies for student success.
Ask an experienced employee to help you. Contact a friendly, experienced teacher and ask for a few tips. Most teachers are busy, especially at the beginning of the year, so it can be helpful to come to them with specific questions.
You can also partner with a teacher who works with the same age group. Sharing topics, lesson plans and curriculum materials can benefit both experienced and inexperienced teachers. This not only divides the workload, the less experienced teacher may also be able to bring new ideas into an existing curriculum.
This may depend on the type of preschool you want to work in. On the other hand, you may be free to choose the structure of your classroom.
The game-based settings are more geared towards students, so children can choose most of the activities they do all day. Classrooms are usually divided into sections, e.g. B. in a kitchen, in a reading corner, in a dramatic game, etc. The teacher encourages the students to learn in a playful way.
The academic environment is more teacher-oriented and prepares students for certain skills that they need to learn in kindergarten. Teacher prepare students pretend to recognize numbers, letters and tones.
Local governments have usually set standards for each age group. Standards are often divided into subject areas such as mathematics or social studies. In each subject, students must meet certain performance standards to show that they have made acceptable progress. Generally, these are skill-based goals that explain what students should do without going into the content.
A common way to organize a preschool curriculum is through thematic units. Units are larger topics that can be explored for weeks and in many subject areas. Once you’ve purchased your units, you can start adding appropriate standards-based activities.
Possible unified topics are animals, community, plants or family.
Units generally last from one to five weeks, depending on the amount of material that needs to be covered.
Each standard should have at least three learning experiences that help students progress. Make a list of experiences that are both developmentally appropriate and can meet government standards.
One possible learning standard is, for example, “recognizing rhythm and rhyme”. A learning experience for a unit on planets could lead students to create nonsense words for Twinkle Twinkle Little Star. This learning experience fits the topic of the unit and also corresponds to the learning standard.
Preschoolers learn best when they take part in different types of practical activities. Avoid long group sessions with a lot of teacher talk. Instead, encourage the children to explore the five senses.
It is important not only to vary the activity, but also to change the location in the room and the size of the groups. Have students switch from small groups to full group activities throughout the day.
Design experiments and observations of the natural and social world to encourage curiosity. Let the students touch, smell, taste and hear the world around them.
If you have a science area, bring physical material to the science center based on the current area of study. Plan outdoor discovery times to expand classroom learning. For example, try an insect hunt during a unit with insects.
Preschool provides an introduction to the more rigorous reading and writing that takes place in primary school. Make sure you find development-oriented activities that prepare children for success in later years.
Promote literacy by decorating classroom labels, magazines, and letters. Make lists of age-appropriate books to read and give students time to read books individually deal. Make sure you give students enough time to develop writing skills using tools such as brushes and crayons.
Include pre-writing activities These activities promote strength in the hands of children and help them develop the fine motor skills necessary for writing. Good activities enable children to manipulate small objects with their hands. Try cutting them with child-resistant scissors, painting finger paint, and using crayons to color shapes on graphic organizers.
Use drawing, music, dance, and drama to encourage children to be creative and learn new skills. Art-oriented activities offer students the opportunity to practice literacy, socialization and cognitive skills.
Encourage a dramatic game. The benefits of a dramatic game range from socio-emotional to cognitive and academic. Children learn verbal communication, teamwork, abstract thinking and more in their faith sessions. Create a dramatic play area with props such as dolls, clothing, and other household items.
To sing songs. Songs, especially rhymed songs, help children understand the structure of a language. Singing gives them phonemic awareness, vocabulary and rhythm.
Preschool is a time when children learn about socialization. Lead students through dramatic games, studies on different career opportunities, and studies of other cultures to learn about their communities and peers.
Promoting socialization and awareness through teaching about members of the community. Allow students to dress up and act as different community members. Plan for the children to meet adults in their community through trips and class visits.
Depending on the teaching method used, your classroom may look different. A student-supported classroom contains other areas for student exploration, such as a sandpit and a water table. In an academic classroom, there may be a larger area for groups where students can learn from teacher-led activities.
You can also adapt the structure to the current unit that you are teaching. Add game materials, pictures and informational texts related to the learning concept in each part of your classroom.
Use your country standards and units listed in your curriculum to write lessons. Activities do not have to be rigidly structured as they are in elementary school. However, you should create a basic daily routine as it is helpful for young children. Try to find a balance between small, medium and whole group activities.
Avoid spending too much time on an activity. Most children cannot pay attention to an activity longer than the number of their ages plus 1 minute (which means that a 4-year-old has an attention span of 5 minutes).
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