What is occupational therapy??
Occupational therapy – range of services
motor-functional treatment perception-enhancing treatment methods psycho-functional and psychosocial procedures supply and training with aids brain performance training training of basic work skills training of everyday skills thermal applications
This specialist area of occupational therapy treats people of all ages with disorders from the areas of orthopedics, traumatology and rheumatology. This includes congenital malformations and all types of injuries to the bones, muscles and tendons and nerves, as well as amputations. The main goal of our occupational therapy in Neuruppin is usually to restore mobility, to strengthen the muscles and to normalize the dexterity and coordination of both hands and the individual fingers.
To achieve the big goal, the following sub-goals are set:
- Improvement of mobility, muscle strength, endurance, resilience and sensitivity
- Training of everyday activities
- Advice and training on joint protection
- Desensitization of amputation stumps and prosthesis training
- aids counseling
Here, occupational therapy primarily treats diseases of the central nervous system (e.g. stroke, traumatic brain injury, paraplegia or multiple sclerosis, etc.). The following therapy goals are aimed at in this department in our occupational therapy in Neuruppin:
• tone regulation (reduction of spasticity, tone increase in case of flaccid paralysis)
• Reduction of pathological posture and movement patterns and initiation of normal movements
• Promotion of coordination
• Improvement of the central disorders of gross and fine motor skills
• Stabilization of sensorimotor and perceptual functions, improvement of balance functions
• Improvement of neuropsychological and cognitive skills such as attention, concentration, memory, memory, action planning, orientation
• Development and improvement of socio-emotional skills
• Training of everyday activities with regard to personal, domestic and professional independence
• Auxiliary advice
People of all ages with psychotic, neurotic and psychosomatic disorders and with addictions are treated in the area of psychiatry in occupational therapy.
The overall goals in this area are the development, improvement and maintenance of:
- Basic mental performance functions such as drive, motivation, resilience, endurance, flexibility and independence in the daily structuring
- Body perception and perceptual processing
- Reality relevance of self and external perception
- situation-appropriate behavior, socio-emotional competencies and ability to interact
- cognitive features (including concentration, attention, memory)
- mental stability and self-confidence
- independent living and basic work ability
These are usually diseases that – due to the aging process – are subject to constant change. Typical clinical pictures include neurological diseases such as stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and dementia diseases (e.g. Alzheimer’s disease), as well as degenerative and rheumatic diseases of the muscle and skeletal system.
Multiple diseases (multimorbidity), acute and chronic clinical pictures as well as external influences (e.g. living situation and changes in the social environment) determine the therapeutic measures.
The following therapeutic goals are striven for in this department:
- Promotion of motor-functional skills for mobility and skill
- Activation of cognitive and neuropsychological skills, e.g. for better orientation
- Instructions for self-help at eat and drinking, for personal hygiene and clothing, locomotion and communication for the greatest possible independence
Experiences with the most difficult care, dying and death are part of the everyday work of geriatric occupational therapy and require professional reflection on the limits and possibilities of therapy.
In this area, in Ergotherapy from Neuruppin, we turn attention to children from infancy to adolescence when their development is delayed, their independence and ability to act are restricted, or they are threatened or affected by disabilities.
The main goal is always the normal and age-appropriate development of the child.
- Improvement of gross / fine motor skills
- Implementation and integration of sensory perceptions / sensory integration
- Improvement of cognitive skills (e.g. concentration, attention, memory, comprehension, responsiveness)
- Development of socio-emotional skills
- Integration of the child in the family, school, kindergarten and environment
- Support for school problems
- Promotion of children with attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity AD (H) S
The advice of the parents and the intensive cooperation with them, as well as the exchange with doctors, educators and teachers, are an important part of the therapy. The child’s actual level of development is the basis for therapy planning – all of which must be mental, emotional and physical limitations and problems are addressed openly.
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