Wheezing in children: symptoms and treatment

Wheezing in children can be a symptom of respiratory disease. It is therefore important to pay attention to children’s breathing sounds.

Different types of diseases in children can be the reason for one wheezing his. A whistling, shrill tone sounds when breathing. This happens when air flows through the narrow airways of the lungs.

According to pediatricians Lydiana Ávila and Manuel Soto from the National Children’s Hospital in Costa Rica there are several teething problems that are characterized by this whistling sound.

They emphasize that wheezing can indicate many things. They also highlight that this sound is most commonly associated with asthma.

However, there are other diseases that can cause this type of breathing.

What is wheezing in children?

wheeze is a breath sounds. It usually sounds when you exhale. However, it can also occur when inhaled.

Wheezing: why it happens?

According to the aforementioned specialists there is a whistling sound when something blocks the airflow. This creates a vibration in the walls causing an audible noise.

Some causes of wheezing in children are:

  • asthma. Asthma is the leading cause of wheezing in children. It is a chronic disease in which the airways become inflamed.
  • Inhale something in the lungs. Sudden wheezing may be due to the fact that you inhale something else besides air. Objects stuck in the larynx, trachea or bronchial tubes produce intense dyspnea. However, if an object gets stuck in the peripheral tracks, it can pneumonia and wheezing cause.
  • Viral infections. Infectious diseases, usually viral infections, are a common cause of wheezing in children. This applies particularly to infants. They can occur in viruses such as adenovirus, parainfluenza, rhinovirus. They also occur in atypical bacteria, such as Mycoplama pneumoniae and Chlamydia pneumoniae, on.

  • Some medication. Accidental ingestion of organophosphates such as parathion and methylparathion can cause wheezing, coughing, and dyspnea.
  • bronchiectasis. This disease can be caused by damage to the main airways of the lungs. Therefore, the airways widen.
  • bronchiolitis. These types of infections are also usually a cause of wheezing in children. Bronchiolitis is an acute inflammatory blockage of the small airways.
  • bronchitis. she is an infection the bronchi. These tubes are responsible for transporting oxygen to the lungs. Bronchitis can be either acute or chronic.
  • Acid reflux. This happens when acid from the stomach accidentally gets into the esophagus. There may be a problem with the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • Inhale irritating substances. This can be done by inhaling chemicals or smoke.

Symptoms of whistling when breathing

When you whistle while breathing, other symptoms usually appear. However, these depend on the cause. When you listen to your child’s panting, it is important to pay attention to the following symptoms:

  • permanent dry cough
  • Runny nose
  • fever
  • Difficulty eating
  • Bluish color of the skin (in some cases)

Wheezing happens when something blocks the airflow. This creates a vibration in the walls causing an audible noise.

Wheezing: diagnosis

If there is severe wheezing, specialists request an X-ray of the breast. They can use it to find the signs of foreign substances, pneumonia or heart failure.

You can then use a finger sensor to determine the oxygen content in the child’s blood. The technical term for this is pulse oximetry.

In contrast, asthma attacks do not require additional tests. Unless there are signs of severe breathing problems. Children who have frequent asthma attacks may need further testing.

However, if inhalers or other medications help alleviate an asthma attack, further testing is usually not necessary.

The doctors conduct examinations in which children have to swallow. Other tests make it necessary to look into the children’s breathing tubes.

Important data must also be available during the physical examination: for example, whether the child is underweight, has a heart murmur and, of course, whistles while breathing.

In summary, wheezing in children can be an indicator of respiratory disease. This in turn could affect their quality of life.

If you hear a whistling sound while your child is breathing, go to the doctor immediately. Because he can carry out the necessary examinations, make a diagnosis and inform you about treatment options.


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